What Does Hematoma Look Like?

What is a hematoma?

A hematoma is a collection (or pooling) of blood outside the blood vessel.

Hematomas are classified as subdural, spinal, subungual (under the finder or toenail bed) or hepatic (liver)..

Is a hematoma serious?

In contrast, a hematoma is a leakage from a larger blood vessel. The mark that it leaves might be dark blue or black, but it can also cause significant redness. More severe traumas cause hematomas, which may be serious and require medical treatment. Most bruises heal on their own without the need for treatment.

What happens if you don’t drain a hematoma?

If a clot from a hematoma reenters the bloodstream, it can block an artery, cutting off blood flow to part of the body. Without prompt treatment, this can result in permanent tissue damage.

Can a hematoma last for years?

Mild hematomas and contusions typically heal within about five days. A large hematoma may last weeks to months and as it heals it will change color and slowly shrink in size. Hematoma pain and swelling may be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications.

What type of doctor drains a hematoma?

All general medicine and family medicine specialists treat hematomas and bruises.

How long does it take for a hematoma to go away?

The swelling and pain of the hematoma will go away. This takes from 1 to 4 weeks, depending on the size of the hematoma. The skin over the hematoma may turn bluish then brown and yellow as the blood is dissolved and absorbed. Usually, this only takes a couple of weeks but can last months.

How do you treat a hematoma lump?

Treating a hematoma in your legcold compress or ice pack application for 20 to 30 minutes for the 48 hours following injury to reduce swelling.rest.elevating your foot higher than your heart.light compression with a wrapped bandage.pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol)More items…•

What is considered a large hematoma?

An ecchymosis is a hematoma of the skin larger than 10 mm. They may occur among/within many areas such as skin and other organs, connective tissues, bone, joints and muscle. A collection of blood (or even a hemorrhage) may be aggravated by anticoagulant medication (blood thinner).

Why does my bruise have a hard lump?

They are caused by bleeding underneath the skin near the surface. When the bleeding causes a raised area, the area is called a “hematoma.” A bruise may have a bump or knot in the middle. Bruises are very common in people with bleeding disorders.

What is the hard lump under my bruise?

A flat, purple-colored bruise, such as a black eye, is called an ecchymosis. A swollen, painful, raised lump is called a hematoma. Hematomas form when clotted blood develops as a lump under your skin. An example of a hematoma is the proverbial goose egg on your head.

Does heat help a hematoma?

Things You Can Do About Bruising or Hematoma: This will help to constrict, or shrink the blood vessels that may be damaged and bleeding. After the first 48 hours, you may use heated compresses (which may be a heating pad, or a very warm wash cloth), 2 or 3 times a day, to help reabsorb the blood.

Can you get a blood clot from a hematoma?

Blood clots can also result from damage to a blood vessel. When an injury occurs to a blood vessel, such as damage from a cut or impact from a blunt object, blood leaks out of the blood vessel and into the tissue around it. It forms a collection of blood that often clots, which is called a hematoma.

What is a Subgaleal hematoma in adults?

Subgaleal hematoma describes scalp bleeding in the potential space between the periosteum and the galea aponeurosis. It is a rare but possibly lethal emergency.

Is a hematoma a hard lump?

A hematoma may form in a muscle or in the tissues just under the skin. A hematoma that forms under the skin will feel like a bump or hard mass. Hematomas can happen anywhere in your body, including in your brain.

Can you massage a hematoma away?

Most haematomas get better quickly and remember to avoid massage to your injured area. Some may take longer to resolve and you might feel a raised lump for some time. After the first 48 hours and whilst you wait for it to heal, just keep gently exercising and stretching the area as long as you don’t cause pain.

Can I drain a hematoma myself?

Aspiration- this is accomplished by inserting a needle and syringe into the hematoma and draining the blood out. This is simple to do and requires no anesthesia, but is usually a temporary measure because it leaves a small hole which seals up quickly and the empty pocket tends to fill back up with blood.

What happens if a hematoma bursts?

Hematomas can be become quite large and collect enough blood to cause low blood pressure and shock. 3 Very large hematomas can displace organs, cause organ dysfunction, and may require surgery to repair damage.

What does a hematoma feel like?

Pain, swelling, redness, and disfiguring bruises are common symptoms of hematoma in general. Some symptoms specific to the location of a hematoma are: Subdural hematoma symptoms: headache, neurologic problems (weakness on one side, difficulty speaking, falling), confusion, seizures.

Should you rub a hematoma?

4. Rubbing back and forth along the hematoma will delay recovery since the body works tirelessly to remove blood from the soft tissues and incorrect direction of the strokes will greatly slow down this process by interfering with the drainage of waste products.

Can you exercise with a hematoma?

While the injured muscle heals, be sure to keep exercising the uninjured parts of your body to maintain your overall level of fitness. If there is a large hematoma that does not go away within several days, your doctor may drain it surgically to expedite healing.

Does a subungual hematoma need to be drained?

Most simple nail bed lacerations, however, do not require nail removal and laceration repair. Subungual hematoma drainage is not necessary if the hematoma is not painful. If blood is spontaneously draining from the hematoma, drainage is also unlikely to be of additional benefit.