Question: What Are Some Diseases That Affect The Skeletal System?

What is the most severe type of OI?

OI type II is the most severe type of osteogenesis imperfecta.

Affected infants often experience life-threatening complications at, or shortly after, birth..

What are the four main parts of the skeletal system?

The skeletal system is composed of four main fibrous and mineralized connective tissues : bones, ligaments, tendons, and joints.

Which bone is the longest and strongest bone of the human body?

femur boneThe femur bone is the longest and strongest bone in the body. Located in the thigh, it spans the hip and knee joints and helps maintain upright posture by supporting the skeleton. 2. The humerus bone is in the upper arm and spans the shoulder and elbow joints.

What are common muscle diseases?

Common primary diseases of the muscular system include inflammatory myopathies, such as polymyositis and dermatomyositis, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, rhabdomyolysis, and cardiomyopathy, among others.

What are some diseases of the skeletal system?

A number of disorders affect the skeletal system, including bone fractures and bone cancers. The two most common disorders of the skeletal system are osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Osteoporosis is an age-related disorder in which bones lose mass, weaken, and break more easily than normal bones.

What are 3 common diseases of the skeletal system?

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.More items…

What is the disease where your bones break easily?

Also known as “brittle bone disease,” osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that causes weak bones that break easily in addition to other symptoms. There are several forms of OI, and although there is no cure, the symptoms of OI can be managed with a healthy lifestyle, medication, or surgery.

What are symptoms of bone disease?

What are the symptoms?Cause of bone painOther associated symptomsInjurySwelling, visible breaks or deformities, a snap or grinding noise upon injuryMineral deficiencyMuscle and tissue pain, sleep disturbances, cramps, fatigue, weaknessOsteoporosisBack pain, stooped posture, loss of height over time5 more rows

What is the most common disease in the skeletal system?

Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis, in which low density means the bones are brittle and weak and prone to easily break, is by far the most common bone disease.

What is Oi medical condition?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of genetic disorders that mainly affect the bones. The term “osteogenesis imperfecta” means imperfect bone formation.

How is OI diagnosed?

The diagnosis of OI is made on the basis of family history and/or clinical presentation. Frequent fractures, short stature, a blue hue to the white part of the eye (blue sclera), teeth problems (dentinogenesis imperfecta) and hearing loss that progresses after puberty may be present.

What are the main injuries that affect the skeletal system?

Common Injuries of the Skeletal SystemBone Bruise. … Bowing Fracture. … Greenstick FractureComminuted Fracture. … Open Fracture. … Depressed Fracture. … Avulsion Fracture.

What diseases weaken bones?

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced.

What disease eats away at your bones?

Gorham-Stout disease (GSD), which is also known as vanishing bone disease, disappearing bone disease, massive osteolysis, and more than a half-dozen other terms in the medical literature, is a rare bone disorder characterized by progressive bone loss (osteolysis) and the overgrowth (proliferation) of lymphatic vessels.

What diseases affect joints and muscles?

Multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and polymyalgia rheumatica are three types of autoimmune disorders that affect the muscles, joints, and nerves. Autoimmune disorders occur when the body’s own immune system goes haywire and starts attacking healthy tissue.