- Do people still get polio?
- What stopped polio?
- When was polio at its worst?
- Is poliomyelitis a virus or bacteria?
- Who created the polio virus?
- What country did polio come from?
- How long do polio survivors live?
- How long did it take to get a vaccine for polio?
- Can polio be passed down genetically?
- Do we still need polio vaccine?
- How did people get polio?
Do people still get polio?
Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 22 reported cases in 2017.
This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease..
What stopped polio?
Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere.
When was polio at its worst?
At its peak in the 1940s and 1950s, polio would paralyze or kill over half a million people worldwide every year.
Is poliomyelitis a virus or bacteria?
Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis (can’t move parts of the body).
Who created the polio virus?
Jonas Salk (1914–1995) became a national hero when he allayed the fear of the dreaded disease with his polio vaccine, approved in 1955. Although it was the first polio vaccine, it was not to be the last; Albert Bruce Sabin (1906–1993) introduced an oral vaccine in the United States in the 1960s that replaced Salk’s.
What country did polio come from?
This Egyptian stele (an upright stone carving) dating from 1403-1365 BC shows a priest with a walking stick and foot, deformities characteristic of polio. The disease was given its first clinical description in 1789 by the British physician Michael Underwood, and recognised as a condition by Jakob Heine in 1840.
How long do polio survivors live?
For years, most polio survivors lived active lives, their memory of polio mainly forgotten, their health status stable. But by the late 1970s, survivors who were 20 or more years past their original diagnosis began noting new problems, including fatigue, pain, breathing or swallowing problems, and additional weakness.
How long did it take to get a vaccine for polio?
The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) was available first, given as a shot, in 1955. A more convenient form, called oral polio vaccine (OPV), was given as liquid drops via the mouth. It was developed in 1961. OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000.
Can polio be passed down genetically?
No. Post polio syndrome is not inherited .
Do we still need polio vaccine?
Adults. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children. But three groups of adults are at higher risk and should consider polio vaccination in the following situations: You are traveling to a country where the risk of getting polio is greater.
How did people get polio?
Poliovirus can be transmitted through direct contact with someone infected with the virus or, less commonly, through contaminated food and water. People carrying the poliovirus can spread the virus for weeks in their feces. People who have the virus but don’t have symptoms can pass the virus to others.